Civil War

Wallingford’s Key Role

Wallingford played an important part in the war between Charles I and his supporters (Royalists or Cavaliers) and Oliver Cromwell and his supporters (Parliamentarians or Roundheads).
 

A Royalist Garrison

After Charles I had raised his standard as a call to arms against Parliament Wallingford became a garrison for Royalist troops, with Colonel Thomas Blagge’s foot regiment and Lord Digby’s horse regiment stationed here. The Wallingford troops were involved in many local skirmishes. Charles visited Wallingford several times during the war, and once struck Blagge about the head for not providing enough soldiers. On another occasion the Queen and Prince Rupert were Godparents at the christening of one of Blagge’s children.  Later, Parliamentarians came to Wallingford believing the king to be there, and were received somewhat brusquely by Blagge, who told them he’d left for Oxford.


Churches Damaged

To protect the town, part of the stone bridge across the Thames was replaced with a wooden drawbridge. St Leonard’s church, used as a troop garrison, was badly damaged during the war, and two other churches, All Hallows and St Peter’s, were destroyed.
 

Siege and Surrender

As the Parliamentarian New Model Army began to win the war, many Royalist strongholds surrendered, but Blagge refused to surrender Wallingford Castle without Charles’s agreement. After a siege of 12 weeks, Sir Thomas Fairfax managed to persuade Blagge to surrender.
 

After the War

Cromwell ordered the destruction of the castle, and the remains were used around the town, including the building of the tower of St Mary-le-More church.

David Hemming
 
 
 

Our website makes use of non-invasive (no personal data) cookies to provide you with an enhanced user experience. By continuing to use the site, you consent to this.Close More
The UK Law now requires us to get consent from you for the use of cookies.

A cookie is a small file containing text and numbers generated by the website and passed from your browser back to our website when you revisit the site.

A cookie is used here to allow you to navigate the site, log in etc. Without this cookie (called a session cookie), this site would not work properly and so this has already been set.

We use a popular statistics tool called Google Analytics which uses non invasive cookies to allow us to find out how effective our marketing is, based on referencing how you got to our website (search engine, direct, or from another site etc).

We use an animation based rotating image which uses a cookie to know which image was last displayed so that as you move from page to page you are not seeing the same image every time.

We can also make use of third party services such as video clip players which can set cookies, for example to enable them to know that you part played a video clip previously, or to store customised settings such as brightness or volume. Close
Visitors | Your Town | Town Council | Business | What's On | History | Sitemap
©Copyright Wallingford Partnership Ltd | Powered by webboutiques.co.uk web design Oxford